How Rabies is Transmitted

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People are usually infected following a deep bite or scratch from an animal with rabies, and transmission to humans by rabid dogs accounts for 99% of cases. Africa and Asia have the highest rabies burden in humans and account for 95% of rabies deaths, worldwide.
Transmission can also occur when infectious material – usually saliva – comes into direct contact with human mucosa or fresh skin wounds. Human-to-human transmission through bites is theoretically possible but has never been confirmed.
Contact of rabies through inhalation of virus-containing aerosols or through transplantation of infected organs is rare. Contracting rabies through consumption of raw meat or animal-derived tissue is also possible.

Orang-orang biasanya terinfeksi setelah digigit atau terkena goresan dari hewan yang terjangkit rabies, dan penularan ke manusia oleh anjing menyumbang 99% kasus. Afrika dan Asia memiliki beban rabies tertinggi pada manusia dan menyumbang atas 95% kematian rabies, di seluruh dunia.
Penularan juga dapat terjadi ketika bahan infeksius – biasanya air liur – bersentuhan langsung dengan mukosa manusia atau luka kulit yang masih segar. Transmisi manusia-ke-manusia melalui gigitan secara teoritis mungkin ada tetapi belum pernah dikonfirmasi.
Kontak dengan rabies melalui inhalasi aerosol yang mengandung virus atau melalui transplantasi organ yang terinfeksi jarang terjadi. Kontrak rabies melalui konsumsi daging mentah atau jaringan yang berasal dari hewan mungkin saja terjadi.
#rabies #preventingisbetterthancuring

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