How do germs spread between animals and people?

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  • Direct contact: Coming into contact with the saliva, blood, urine, mucous, feces, or other body fluids of an infected animal. Examples include petting or touching animals, and bites or scratches.

    Indirect contact: Coming into contact with areas where animals live and roam, or objects or surfaces that have been contaminated with germs. Examples include aquarium tank water, pet habitats, chicken coops, plants, and soil, as well as pet food and water dishes.

    Vector-borne: Being bitten by a tick, or an insect like a mosquito or a flea.

    Foodborne: Each year, humans get sick from eating contaminated food. Eating or drinking something unsafe (such as unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat or eggs, or raw fruits and vegetables that are contaminated with feces from an infected animal). Bahasa di kolom komentar

  • Bagaimana kuman menyebar di antara hewan dan manusia?

    Kontak langsung: Berhubungan dengan air liur, darah, urine, lendir, kotoran, atau cairan tubuh lainnya dari hewan yang terinfeksi. Contohnya membelai atau menyentuh hewan, dan menggigit atau mencakar.

    Kontak tidak langsung: Berada di area di mana hewan hidup dan berkeliaran, atau benda atau permukaan yang telah terkontaminasi dengan kuman. Contohnya air akuarium, habitat hewan peliharaan, kandang ayam, tanaman, dan tanah, serta makanan hewan peliharaan dan tempat minum.

    Vekto-borne: Digigit oleh kutu, atau serangga seperti nyamuk.

    Foodborne: Makan atau minum sesuatu yang tidak bersih (seperti susu yang tidak dipasteurisasi, daging atau telur setengah matang, atau buah-buahan mentah dan sayuran yang terkontaminasi dengan kotoran dari hewan yang terinfeksi).

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